Annotated Bib 10

Walser, Lauren. “Three Influential African-American Architects You Should Know About | National Trust for Historic Preservation.” Three Influential African-American Architects You Should Know About | National Trust for Historic Preservation. N.p., 09 Feb. 2016. Web. 27 Mar. 2017.
In this article Lauren Walser states African American Architects that everyone should know about and their contribution.  The few that she names in this article are :  Robert Taylor, Vertener Woodson Tandy,  and Paul R. Williams. She made it clear that with each of these architects they have made and gave credit when credit was due. In other words they knew where their buildings were and have originated from and continued to build off of their learnings. For some, (Robert Taylor in particular) his teaching were passed from generation to generation. He was trained from his father who was a former slave. She proved that some of his teachings ranged from libraries, residence halls, academic centers, and many more. She uses these three major architects to contrast them but to also include a comparison of all their teachings originated from Africa’s culture. This article will help me understand the actual African American architects viewpoint on the issue and how they became known to do what they love.

Annotated Bib 9

Holloway, Joseph E. “African American Architecture : A Hidden Heritage.” African American Architecture : A Hidden Heritage – SlaveRebellion.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Mar. 2017.
In this article Joseph Holloway, explained and emphasized  the importance of African American Architecture. Not only that but also how it is symbolized as a “Hidden Heritage”.  He argues that when viewing African American architects it starts to become clear that it is based off of certain specific areas. For instance he states, “material; technique, and design” are all of the areas in which African American architects has stayed the same before and after slavery, all because of African decent. He then goes on to include how many of the contributions that are being made from these particular architects still go unnoticed. Im my opinion, I agree with his explantation 100 percent. Based off of all my previous blog post it seems that only a few percentage of people actually know where majority of the architects actually originate in todays society. This article will help me qualify the different amounts of contributors to African American architects and how African architects are still being incorporated into everything.

Annotated Bib 8

Mafi, Nick. “Black Architects Who Have Shaped the World Around Us.” Architectural Digest. N.p., 17 Feb. 2017. Web. 27 Mar. 2017.
In this article Nick Mafi discussed and incorporated the talents of a few African American architects, and how they shaped the world around us. Not only that but how they are still being used to create bigger and better things today. He also includes in this article how all of the black architects that he names has all have had teachings that has related back to Africa culture and their buildings. The four major architects that he uses in his article are :David Adjaye, Diébédo Francis Kéré, Phil Freelonand Paul Williams. In each of his descriptions about each of these architects he talks about their major buildings and how they became inspired to do what they love. With this being stated, it is clear that each of them know the low entry of African Americans in this field, but they each feel it is important to make a contribution due to their background being of African American decent. This article helped me get a better understanding of who these people actually were and why they are doing it, with such a low entry of their culture in this field.

Annotated Bib 7

Altman, Susan. “Black Achitects Have a Rich American History.” N.p., n.d. Web

In this article, Susan Altman talks about how black architects have made a huge change to our American history. Also how we tend to depend on their buildings and teachings today. Pretty much how all buildings today all have some correlation and tie back to African American architects. Susan argues that every since the plantation days (because it was the slaves who were building them) Americans have still used African American buildings and architect features to rely on new artifacts and buildings in America today. With in this article she also talks about and gives many examples of black African American people who became major architects and how people today still use their buildings to help create their own. She also uses her article in chronological order to help show the low points and high points of architecture in African American history.  This article will help show to me the different major productions of African American artifacts and how they are still being incorporated in todays artifacts.

Annotated Bib 6

Shabazz, Rashad and Muse Project. Spatializing Blackness : Architectures of Confinement and Black Masculinity in Chicago. University of Illinois Press, 2015. New Black Studies Series. EBSCOhost, ezproxy.gsu.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=nlebk&AN=1091863&site=eds-live.

In this article, Rashad discusses the idea of spatializing blackness. He does this by using architects in another and more creative way. He states that, “architectures of confinement, policing, surveillance, urban planning, and incarceration”, is his way of explaining the idea of spatializing blackness. He argues that this the specific gender and can have power functions of where people of African American decent live. Rasahd does research to prove how the ongoing ideal of spatializing blackness comes from black African American males and their identity in this era. This article will help show me an beneficial study that highlights the race of space, the role of containment in the sense of African American, the actual politics of mobility under conditions of their freedom, and the ways African American  men cope with and how they avoid these certain containments in architectural views. This article will also prove the reason why it is targeted against African American males and how they came to exist in the first place.

Annotated Bib Revision 5

Nelson, Louis P. “The Architectures of Black Identity: Buildings, Slavery, and Freedom in the Caribbean and the American South.” Winterthur Portfolio, vol. 45, no. 2, Summer, pp. 177-193.

In this article, Louis Nelson takes a major focus on the historic architecture in Jamaica that relates to African American culture and architecture. Louis uses many pictures in the article to visually prove to us the resemblance. He shows us how many of the architects are built and how they are similar to other culture but African American culture relates to it the most. The picture below came from this article, which shows a house from Jamaica that correlated to African American culture and architects.  He also gave many examples to prove his theory. This article helps me make many connections to the Parting Ways article because of the resemblance that both articles found in architects from African American cultures.

Annotated Bib Revision 3

McGuigan, Cathleen. “Architecture and the History of Race: The Story of the African American Record, vol. 204, no. 10, Oct. 2016, p. 21.

In this article Cathleen Mcguigan, uses her own personal experience of growing up African American to show us how it correlated to the built environment. She includes a lot of detailed information about how the African American culture was used in the built environment today, and what is not today. She provides the audience with detailed examples and situations that surfaced the Africa American community.  She also brought to my attention the fact of African American history/culture is not usually associated with the ideal “American” history.  To be more specific she made it clear by stating that the museum nowadays are not just used to describe black history, but in fact using culture to help us understand what it means. She stated, “This is a museum that uses culture to understand what it means to be an American.” This article helps provide me with knowledge from a actual primary source, due from all this information coming from her own past experiences. This also showed me that she used her past experience to connect not only being black but also a mean of just being American.

Annotated Bib Revision 2

Davis, Kimberly. “Black Architects: Embracing and Defining Culture.” Ebony,   vol. 60, no. 12, Oct. 2005, pp. 108-114.

In this article, Kimberly emphasized the beauty of African American cultures by showing how people embrace it and define it. Kimberly Davis argues that there is a huge lack in the architects in the African American community. She also states that there are more architects in the culture that many do not know about and she demands that these architects become more known. She makes and uses demands for there to be more involvement and advancement in this culture today in modern times. In the world today, there is a lack in black architects.This article will help me understand the teachings of the education that is taught in African American culture. For instance, some of the very few black architects have a strong love for it and its profession.  I also came across a quote about some of their love for it. For example, “Williams, principal and design director for Perkins + Will, says architecture just seemed to “make sense”.”

Annotated Bib 2 Draft

  • Zipf, Catherine. “The Architecture of American Slavery: Teaching the Black Lives Matter Movement to Architects.” Radical Teacher, no. 106, Fall2016, pp. 97-105. EBSCOhost, ezproxy.gsu.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eue&AN=120046613&site=eds-live.

In this article, Catherine discusses the broad teaches of The BLM or (Black Lives Matter) movement and how it correlated to her studies of “The Architecture of American Slavery” at a engaging seminar at Roger Williams University. She argues that her studies showed that the involvement and evolution of “The Architecture of American Slavery” by tying in the new principles of the Black Lives Matter Movement. Although she uses different articles and other research to prove that her course would benefit the understanding of slavery, its architecture, and how it is used today. She proved in this article how the different amount of architect helped shape the BLM as well.  This article will help show me the many connections of the modern Black Lives Matter campaign to the early and important different slavery artifacts that Catherine discovered in her teaching at the seminar.

  •  Davis, Kimberly. “Black Architects: Embracing and Defining Culture.” Ebony, vol. 60, no. 12, Oct. 2005, pp. 108-114. EBSCOhost, ezproxy.gsu.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=fth&AN=18229755&site=eds-live

In this article, Kimberly emphasized the beauty of African American cultures by showing how people embrace it and define it. Kimberly Davis argues that there is a huge lack in the architects in the African American community. She makes and uses demands for there to be more involvement and advancement in this culture today in modern times. She stated the most common black architects in her research are Paul Williams, Julian Abele, Robert Taylor, Albert Cassell and Norma Sklarek, According to her research, these individuals mainly started their practices around the Civil Rights Movement era. This article will help me understand the teachings of the education that is taught in African American culture.

  •  McGuigan, Cathleen. “Architecture and the History of Race: The Story of the African American Record, vol. 204, no. 10, Oct. 2016, p. 21. EBSCOhost, ezproxy.gsu.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=bvh&AN=758017&site=eds-live

In this article Cathleen Mcguigan, uses her own personal experience of growing up African American to show us how it correlated to the built environment. She includes a lot of detailed information about how the African American culture was used in the built environment today, and what is not today. She provides the audience with detailed examples and situations that surfaced the Africa American community. This article helps provide me with knowledge from a actual primary source, due from all this information coming from her own past experiences. This also showed me that she used her past experience to connect not only being black but also a mean of just being American.

  •  Czarnecki, John. “Illuminating a Culture through Architecture.” Contract, vol. 57, no. 8, Oct. 2016, p. 18. EBSCOhost, ezproxy.gsu.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=fth&AN=118719488&site=eds-live.

In this article, John discusses the one and only Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, which is located in Washington. He shows the audience that there are a lot of triumph in forms of architects and in forms of many designs that brings the building to life. He also includes that the museum is a place where many African American go to understand the history of the culture and embrace the beautiful historic artifacts. This article will help me and others know where some of the most historic artifacts and designs are and what the importance is of them.

  •  Nelson, Louis P. “The Architectures of Black Identity: Buildings, Slavery, and Freedom in the Caribbean and the American South.” Winterthur Portfolio, vol. 45, no. 2, Summer, pp. 177-193. EBSCOhost, ezproxy.gsu.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=bvh&AN=664591&site=eds-live.

In this article, Louis Nelson takes a major focus on the historic architecture in Jamaica that relates to African American culture and architecture. Louis uses many pictures in the article to visually prove to us the resemblance. He shows us how many of the architects are built and how they are similar to other culture but African American culture relates to it the most.  He also gave many examples to prove his theory. This article helps me make many connections to the Parting Ways article because of the resemblance that both articles found in architects from African American cultures.

Annotated Bib Revision 4

Czarnecki, John. “Illuminating a Culture through Architecture.” Contract, vol. 57, no. 8, Oct.2016, p. 18.

In this article, John discusses the one and only Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, which is located in Washington. He shows the audience that there are a lot of triumph in forms of architects and in forms of many designs that brings the building to life. He also includes that the museum is a place where many African American go to understand the history of the culture and embrace the beautiful historic artifacts.  He encourages that all people or most people of African American decent should go visit the museum to learn their history. This article will help me and others know where some of the most historic artifacts and designs are and what the importance is of them.